Your browser is not supported

You are using a browser we do not support any longer. To continue visiting our website, please choose one of the following supported browsers.

Our global presence

Please select a business area and your country and language.


Everything You Need to Know about Piston Compressors


Piston compressors are one of the oldest and most common type of industrial compressors and can be classified as type of displacement compressors. These versatile machines have been powering industries for decades, providing compressed air for various applications. Let us understand more about piston compressors, from their working principle to their advantages and applications.

Understanding the Piston Compressor

Piston compressors, also known as reciprocating compressors, operate on a simple yet effective principle. At their core, they consist of a cylinder with a piston inside. When the compressor is in operation, the piston moves up and down within the cylinder.

The movement creates a vacuum on the downstroke, drawing air into the cylinder. On the upstroke, the piston compresses the air, raising its pressure and forcing it out of the compressor. This compressed air can then be used for various applications across industries.

Types of Piston Compressors

Single-acting compressor

This is one of the most common type of compressor model, found in applications such as small hobby air compressors in refrigerators. Single-acting compressors are generally well lubricated with oil, air-cooled with a power output limitation.

Double-acting compressor

The double-acting compressors feature crossheads that provide a pure linear motion following the crankshaft and connecting rod. This technology is primarily used in heavy-duty industrial and process compressors starting from 45KWA.

Applications of Piston Compressors

  1. Automotive Industry: Piston compressors are commonly used in automotive repair shops for tasks such as inflating tires, operating pneumatic tools, and powering paint spray guns.
  2. Manufacturing: In manufacturing facilities, piston compressors are used to power conveyor systems, operate machinery, and provide compressed air for various production processes.
  3. Construction: On construction sites, piston compressors are essential for running jackhammers, nail guns, and other pneumatic tools.
  4. Food and Beverage: Piston compressors are used in the food and beverage industry for applications like packaging, bottling, and pneumatic conveying of ingredients.
  5. Healthcare: In hospitals and medical facilities, piston compressors are used to supply compressed air for breathing apparatuses, surgical tools, and laboratory equipment.

Advantages of Piston Compressors


Piston compressors are known for their reliability and durability. They can withstand heavy-duty use and can operate continuously without overheating, making them suitable for demanding industrial applications.


Compared to some other types of compressors, piston compressors are relatively cost-effective both in terms of initial purchase and maintenance. They have a simple design that is easy to maintain, reducing long-term operating costs.


There are various sizes and setups available for piston compressors, making them appropriate for a broad spectrum of uses. They can meet your needs, whether it is for compressed air for a small workshop or a large industrial facility.

High Pressure Options

Some piston compressors are capable of generating very high pressures, making them ideal for applications that require substantial air pressure, such as pneumatic tools or industrial processes.

Compact Design

Piston compressors have compact design, making them easy to install in constrained spaces, and also because they require minimal floor space.


Piston compressors are a reliable and versatile choice for meeting your compressed air needs. Their simple yet effective design, cost-effectiveness, and adaptability have made them a staple in various industries. Whether you're in manufacturing, automotive, construction, or any other sector that relies on compressed air, a piston compressor could be the solution you need to power your operations efficiently and effectively